The second one, thoroughly revised and enlarged variation of what has develop into the normal reference paintings during this interesting box brings jointly the newest advancements, supplemented through various sensible assistance, supplying these operating in either examine and with an integral resource of data. New contributions were further, to mirror the truth that commercial approaches are already validated, and ionic drinks are actually commercially available.
A needs to for everybody operating within the field.Content:
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–6): John S. Wilkes, Prof. Dr. Peter Wasserscheid and Prof. Dr. Thomas Welton
Chapter 2 Synthesis and Purification (pages 7–55): Charles M. Gordon, Mark J. Muldoon, Markus Wagner, Claus Hilgers, James H. Davis and Prof. Dr. Peter Wasserscheid
Chapter three Physicochemical houses (pages 57–174): John D. Holbrey, Robin D. Rogers, Rob A. Mantz, Paul C. Trulove, Violina A. Cocalia, Ann E. Visser, Jessica L. Anderson, Jennifer L. Anthony, Joan F. Brennecke, Edward J. Maginn, Tom Welton and Robert A. Mantz
Chapter four Molecular constitution and Dynamics (pages 175–264): Chris Hardacre, Patricia A. Hunt, Edward J. Maginn, Ruth M. Lynden?Bell, Joachim Richter, Axel Leuchter, Gunter Palmer, Andreas Dolle, Phillip G. Wahlbeck and W. Robert Carper
Chapter five natural Synthesis (pages 265–568): Martyn Earle, Prof. Dr. Peter Wasserscheid, Peter Schulz, Helene Olivier?Bourbigou, Frederic Favre, Michel Vaultier, Andreas Kirschning, Vasundhara Singh, Anders Riisager, Rasmus Fehrmann and Sven Kuhlmann
Chapter 6 Inorganic Synthesis (pages 569–617): Prof. Dr. Thomas Welton, Frank Endres, Sherif Zein El Abedin, Markus Antonietti, Bernd Smarsly and Yong Zhou
Chapter 7 Polymer Synthesis in Ionic drinks (pages 619–640): David M. Haddleton, Prof. Dr. Thomas Welton and Adrian J. Carmichael
Chapter eight Biocatalytic Reactions in Ionic drinks (pages 641–661): Sandra Klembt, Susanne Dreyer, Marrit Eckstein and Udo Kragl
Chapter nine commercial functions of Ionic beverages (pages 663–687): Matthias Maase
Chapter 10 Outlook (pages 689–704): Prof. Dr. Peter Wasserscheid and Prof. Dr. Thomas Welton
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Additional info for Ionic Liquids in Synthesis, Second Edition
Chem. , 1992, 965–967. 1 Synthesis of Ionic Liquids Charles M. Gordon and Mark J. 1 Introduction The increasing interest in ionic liquids, especially in the light of their recent widespread commercial availability, has resulted in further developments in their synthesis and puriﬁcation. In particular, this has required a shift towards improving the standard synthetic procedures to ensure consistency in the quality of the materials. The majority of research papers still report the use of better understood ionic liquids such as those based on 1,3-alkylimidazolium cations and anions such as [PF6 ]− and [(CF3 SO2 )2 N]− ([Tf2 N]− ).
A) A. K. Abdul-Sada, A. G. Avent, M. J. Parkington, T. A. Ryan, K. R. Seddon, T. Welton, Chem. , 1987, 1643; (b) A. K. Abdul-Sada, A. G. Avent, M. J. Parkington, T. A. Ryan, K. R. Seddon, T. Welton, J. Chem. , 1993, 3283. 52. A. J. Dent, A. Lees, R. J. Lewis, T. Welton, J. Chem. , 1996, 2787. 53. (a) G. P. Smith, A. S. Dworkin, R. M. Pagni, S. P. Zing, J. Am. Chem. , 1989, 111, 525; (b) G. P. Smith, A. S. Dworkin, R. M. Pagni, S. P. Zing, J. Am. Chem. -G. Park, P. C. Trulove, R. T. Carlin, R. A.
This may be achieved either by the use of an ion-sensitive electrode, or by using a chemical method such as the Vollhard procedure for chloride ions . Seddon et al. report that effectively identical results were obtained using both methods . Most ionic liquids based on the common cations and anions should be colorless, with minimal absorbance at wavelengths greater than 300 nm. In practice the salts often take on a yellow color, particularly during the quaternization step. The amount of impurity causing this is generally extremely small, being undetectable using 1 H NMR or CHN microanalysis, and in many applications the discoloration may not be of any importance.