By Meredith S. Chesson

This quantity emerges from a consultation honoring Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub held in the course of the 2003 Annual assembly of the yank faculties of Oriental examine in Atlanta, Georgia and contains increased models of some of the papers provided in that consultation. by means of amassing in Atlanta, and by means of engaging during this quantity, the members honor the careers and scholarly passions of Walt and Tom, whose paintings in southern Levantine archaeology begun within the Nineteen Sixties after they have been younger students operating with Paul Lapp. The breadth and intensity of expertise of the individuals disciplinary and theoretical pursuits displays the shared impact of and esteem for Walt s and Tom s personal scholarly presents as archaeologists, mentors, collaborators, and highbrow innovators. the first disciplinary houses for the students contributing to this quantity surround a wide variety of equipment and methods to studying concerning the prior: anthropological archaeology, close to jap archaeology, biblical archaeology, and actual anthropology. Their institutional houses contain universities and institutes in Canada, Denmark, Israel, Jordan, Sweden, the uk, and the U.S.; their theoretical houses contain the broadly-conceived archaeological frameworks of culture-history, processualism, and post-processualism. jointly, those papers replicate the large breadth of impact that Tom s and Walt s scholarly contributions have made to EB studies.

Walt and Tom shared a present that many have benefited from: mild listening, wondering, and pushing for extra subtle analyses of Early Bronze Age lifestyles. Their keen engagement of more youthful students, in addition to their involvement with their friends, arises from their commitment to listening good, devoting time to others principles and views, and a beneficiant willingness to provide freely to others out of the wealthy depths in their lifelong scholarly goals and profound knowing of the Early Bronze Age, archaeology, and lifestyles usually. a few of the participants to this quantity have received larger knowing due to Walt's and Tom's reward of listening, willing insights, and bottomless enthusiasm for studying extra in regards to the previous and the current within the southern Levant. The 18 essays offered listed here are to honor either males for those presents either to the self-discipline of archaeology and to such a lot of folks engaged in that highbrow undertaking.

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Extra resources for Daily Life, Materiallity,and Complexity in Early Urban Communities of the Southern Levant: Papers in Honor of Walter E. Rast and R. Thomas Schaub

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Oxford: Blackwell. Vaux, R.  395–404 in Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Volume II. Edited by E. Stern. London. The Early Bronze Age Societies of Tell Abu al-Kharaz, Central Jordan Valley Peter M. Fischer Introduction Major settlements from the Early, Middle, and Late Bronze Ages and Iron Age were excavated by the team directed by the author in 14 seasons, between 1989 and 2010 (Fischer 2000a; 2000b; 2002; 2006; 2008). The first settlement at Tell Abu al-Kharaz in the Central Transjordanian Jordan Valley, from which substantial architectural remains, including a town wall, derive, dates from the (conventional) Early Bronze Age IB, that is, Phases IA–B.

The closest EB II site to Khirbet ez-Zeraqoun is Tell el-Fukhaar, which is located on the other side of Wadi eshShallaleh; it was an open settlement (see fig. 1). , trade relation) with some nomadic and seminomadic groups living in surrounding areas. , and O. Ilan 1996 Early Arad II. The Chalcolithic and Early Bronze IB Settlements and the Early Bronze II City: Architecture and Town Planning. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society. Douglas, Khaled 2007 Befestigung der Unterstadt von Khirbet ez-Zeraqōn im Rahmen der frühbronzezeitlichen Fortifikationen in Palästina: Deutsch-jordanische Ausgrabungen in Khirbet ez-Zeraqōn 1984–1994.

These later sources do not provide any details of the administration of the site. The following discussion should therefore be considered only as a simplified model of the site’s possible government. It is suggested that the walled town of Tell Abu al-Kharaz was centrally administered because the work of constructing the defense system and cultic and administrative structures, the maintenance of the water supply system, the organization of the farming activities, including the supervision and allocation of the crops for immediate use, the storage of the crops for use during unproductive periods, the handling and trading of the surplus from farming and breeding, the distribution of the grazing land for animals, the control of the nearby trade routes, and so on are all activities that need a centralized system of government for efficiency.

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