By Annie; Oldenziel, Ruth; Zachmann, Karin (editors) Canel
Ladies engineers were within the public limelight for many years, but now we have unusually little traditionally grounded realizing of the styles of employment and schooling of girls during this box. so much experiences are both coverage papers or constrained to statistical analyses. additionally, the scant ancient learn up to now on hand emphasizes the person, unmarried and distinct personality of these girls operating in engineering, frequently utilizing anecdotal proof yet ignoring higher matters just like the styles of the labour marketplace and academic associations. Richly illustrated, Crossing limitations, construction Bridges bargains solutions to the query why girls engineers have required distinct allows to go through the male guarded gates of engineering and examines how they've got controlled this. It explores the diversities and similarities among ladies engineers in 9 nations from a gender standpoint. via case reports the ebook considers the mechanisms of exclusion and inclusion of girls engineers f
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Additional resources for Crossing boundaries, building bridges: comparing the history of women engineers, 1870s-1990s
It is impossible,’ he said, ‘to use women chemists on development work which has to be translated into plant practice by actual operation in the plant. ’ Other potential employers of women chemists elaborated on that particular theme by explaining that, ‘research men must go into the Plant and manipulate all sorts of plant apparatus, direction [sic] foreign labor of every sort. ’59 By establishing such notions as ‘fact,’ Little and other chemists succeeded in safely associating their work with both the male codes of the machine shop or the plant operation and managerial control.
14 Others besides Gilbreth became well-known after learning their trade through family and husbands. They acquired technical knowledge on the job or through an informal system of education within family firms without ever attending a specialized school. Emily Warren Roebling (1841–1902), who kept the family firm going when illness kept her husband housebound, acted as his proxy throughout most of the building of New York’s Brooklyn Bridge in the 1870s and 1880s. Trained in mathematics, she learned to speak the language of engineers, made daily on-site inspections, dealt with contractors and materials suppliers, handled the technical correspondence, and negotiated the political frictions that inevitably arose in such a grand public project.
In other words, women engineers joined the rank-and-file of the profession without hope of advancement. No woman without a family connection ever moved into supervisory positions in family firms. Women like Roebling, Gleason, and Gilbreth, who were steeped in the patriarchal culture of the family business, advanced in engineering through a combination of excellence, perseverance, family connections, and the pooling of resources. ’49 Employed first as a draftsman in the bridge division of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and later transferred to the company’s service department for interior coach design, Dennis’ response during the 1940s is the most revealing: she was always touted as a woman’s success story, both by women engineering advocates and by her employers, especially during the Second World War, when the War Manpower Commission and the Office of War Information launched an intense propaganda campaign to lure women into the technical fields.