By Tomasz P. Krzeszowski

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a sequence of books that open new views in our realizing of language. The sequence publishes cutting-edge paintings on center components of linguistics throughout theoretical frameworks in addition to experiences that offer new insights through construction bridges to neighbouring fields comparable to neuroscience and cognitive science.

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a discussion board for state-of-the-art examine in keeping with sturdy empirical info on language in its numerous manifestations, together with signal languages. It regards linguistic version in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions in addition to in its social contexts as vital assets of perception for a greater realizing of the layout of linguistic structures and the ecology and evolution of language.

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and notable dissertations in addition to edited volumes, which offer the chance to deal with debatable subject matters from assorted empirical and theoretical viewpoints. top of the range criteria are ensured via nameless reviewing.

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Extra resources for Contrasting Languages: The Scope of Contrastive Linguistics

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G. Various levels of linguistic analysis 51 voice assimilation) and phonetic features and segments with very little (if at all) abstract ("deep") phonological information (Fisiak 1975 a: 344). Scepticism about psycholinguistic reality of abstract phonology and about possible pedagogical uses of contrastive studies limited to underlying representations and rules is also voiced by Awedyk (1976: 65 ff. , 131). It seems that the reductionism advocated by Gussmann, though possibly admissible in some theoretical frameworks of limited psycholinguistic and pedagogical relevance, cannot be accepted in any descriptions of a natural language aspiring to the status of adequate renderings of psycholinguistic reality.

Obviously erroneous translations must naturally be disregarded, as well as those translations which fail to convey some relevant pragmatic functions, especially if alternative, more adequate translations are available. Although constraints on the suitability of 2-texts for stylistic contrastive studies are less rigorous than the constraints imposed on 2-texts as data for syntactic contrastive studies, they are no less important and must be stated clearly and unequivocally, lest contrastive studies fail to grasp the relevant generalizations concerning the pragmatic aspect of the compared texts.

It is no surprise that the wine turned to vinegar. Que le vin se soit transforme en vinaigre n'est pas surprenant. => II n'est pas surprenant que le vin se soit transforme en vinaigre. In Polish and Italian, the respective rules are non-congruent with their English and French equivalents as they yield different results. Notably in Polish and Italian the underlying pronouns do not appear in the extraposed sentences: (15) (16) Ν on e sorprendente che il vino sia diventato aceto. Nie jest niczym dziwnym, ze wino skwasnialo.

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