By Martha F. Lee
How did conspiracy pondering develop into one of these major and unusually extensively authorized kind of political pondering within the usa? What compels humans to answer devastating, unpredictable events—terrorist acts, wars, normal mess ups, financial upheavals—with the conviction that not anything is a twist of fate, not anything is because it turns out, and every thing is connected?
Conspiracy emerging: Conspiracy pondering and American Public Life argues that whereas outlandish paranoid theories themselves could seem nonsensical, the thread of conspiracy considering all through American historical past is a either a byproduct of our democratic kind of govt and a really genuine chance to it. From the Illuminati, the Knights Templar, and the Freemasons to the govt. hiding extraterrestrial beings and faking the moon touchdown; from the recent international Order to the Obama "Birthers," the ebook explores the long-lasting approval for a couple of American conspiracy theories, displaying how the conspiracy hysteria that can impress disdain and apathy within the basic public, can turn into a resource of harmful extremism.
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Extra resources for Conspiracy Rising: Conspiracy Thinking and American Public Life
10 Understandably then, the legends surrounding the group’s origins and history are many, and they have overwhelmed the popular imagination. It is the case, however, that the significantly more mundane reality of its development in The Big Three 23 a rapidly industrializing Britain is perhaps more interesting and suggests where the movement’s real significance and power truly lie. 11 The predominantly mythological Constitutions of the Free-Masons, for example, asserts that: KING SOLOMON was GRAND MASTER of the LODGE at JERUSALEM and the LEARNED KING HIRAM was GRANDMASTER of the LODGE at TYRE and the INSPIRED HIRAM ABIF was MASTER OF WORK, and MASONRY was under the immediate Care and Direction of Heaven .
At the time of the French Revolution, a variety of Masonic lodges existed in France. 46 These facts alone, however, do not allow us to conclude that Freemasonry planned the Revolution and coordinated its development. Instead, the events of the Revolution should perhaps incline us to conclude that even in the 32 Conspiracy Rising best conditions possible for directing a revolution—a political ideology whose time had come, and an oppressed and poverty-stricken population open to these ideas and willing to engage in violence to enact them—it is impossible to impose an idea on the world and have the world conform to your plans.
Their organization, however, also reflected their appreciation for Enlightenment principles. ”30 The Freemasons may have been revolutionary but only insofar as the ideals of democracy were revolutionary. The Freemasons’ lodges were in another way at the cutting edge of social organizations of their era. As discussed above, the England of the 1700s was marked by the polity’s transition from monarchy to parliamentary democracy. It was also marked by significant religious conflict related to that transformation.