By Lawrence S. Wittner

Confronting the Bomb tells the dramatic, inspiring tale of ways citizen activism helped minimize the nuclear fingers race and forestall nuclear conflict. This abbreviated model of Lawrence Wittner's award-winning trilogy, The fight opposed to the Bomb, exhibits how a world, grassroots campaign—the biggest social circulation of contemporary times—challenged the nuclear priorities of the good powers and, eventually, thwarted their nuclear objectives. in keeping with sizeable examine within the documents of peace and disarmament corporations and in previously best mystery govt files, huge interviews with antinuclear activists and govt officers, and memoirs and different released fabrics, Confronting the Bomb opens a different window on the most very important problems with the fashionable period: survival within the nuclear age. It covers the whole interval of vital competition to the bomb, from the ultimate phases of the second one international warfare as much as the current. alongside the way in which, it offers attention-grabbing glimpses of the interplay of key nuclear disarmament activists and policymakers, together with Albert Einstein, Harry Truman, Albert Schweitzer, Norman Cousins, Nikita Khrushchev, Bertrand Russell, Andrei Sakharov, Linus Pauling, Dwight Eisenhower, Harold Macmillan, John F. Kennedy, Randy Forsberg, Mikhail Gorbachev, Helen Caldicott, E.P. Thompson, and Ronald Reagan. total, notwithstanding, it's a tale of well known mobilization and its effectiveness.

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Additional resources for Confronting the Bomb: A Short History of the World Nuclear Disarmament Movement (Stanford Nuclear Age Series)

Sample text

The assemblage also established a new organization to conduct a Communist-led peace and disarmament campaign, the Partisans of Peace. One of the key ventures of the new organization focused on nuclear weapons. In March 1950, at an international conference in Stockholm, the Partisans of Peace adopted an ingenious resolution, drafted by Soviet writer Ilya Ehrenburg, that became known as the Stockholm Peace Appeal. ” Despite the moderate tone of the Stockholm Peace Appeal, it stigmatized a weapon in which the West enjoyed a military advantage, sidestepped the complexities of how to ban the Bomb, and was the exclusive property of a Communistdirected peace campaign.

In 1948, the WRI circulated the Declaration of Peace that had been read at the foot of the Memorial Tower of Peace in Hiroshima by the mayor of that city. N. international police force. ” Arguing that “the Atomic Age is proving the futility of military protection,” they laid plans for the development of a worldwide nonviolent resistance movement. Although antinuclear scientists failed in their attempts to build a formal international organization, they did manage to develop an informal network of concerned scientists.

Moreover, small groups of Hungarians, Poles, Yugoslavs, Czechs, and East Germans showed an interest in world government. In Czechoslovakia, The Anatomy of Peace had a wide circulation, and reviews of it appeared in almost all Prague newspapers during 1947. Nevertheless, in the Soviet Union, pacifist organizations, like other antimilitary groups, had long ago been banned and effectively destroyed. Furthermore, Soviet scientists, motivated by patriotism and fear of antagonizing their brutal government, worked tamely to develop nuclear weapons.

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