By Paul G. Harris

PDF with index produced from scanned and OCRed book.

This booklet is an edited number of concise, hard-hitting essays through a gaggle of foreign specialists and students that tackle the politics and coverage of environmental switch and sustainable improvement in East and Southeast Asia. Case reports hide environmental international relations in East Asia and methods for sustainable improvement in Southeast Asia, together with jap environmental coverage, China's weather switch international relations, the function of NGOs in shaping Thailand's rules on biodiversity, overseas suggestions and marine environmental defense in Vietnam, sustainable improvement coverage in Taiwan, and the function of community-based clash administration in environmental security efforts in Papua New Guinea.

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Extra info for Confronting Environmental Change in East and Southeast Asia: Eco Politics, Foreign Policy, and Sustainable Development

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First, with some exceptions, Japan's foreign policy has tended to be a reaction to outside influences. Japan is inclined to join the prevailing international order and adjust to that order as it changes. Second, Japan has been pragmatic in its foreign policies. In pursuit of its national interests tt adopts 'an opportunistic adaptation to international 30 Confronting Environmental Change conditions in order to enhance the power of the Japanese nation' (Pyle, 1998, pl22). Third, Japan has been very concerned about its international status and place in the international hierarchy.

This, combined with the Japanese tendency to avoid public conflict and to resolve issues through negotiation and dialogue, contributes to an atmosphere where N G O s have limited power. This equation can change when catastrophe strikes, as it did when mercury poisoning killed and sickened people at Minamata, or when international issues take on major salience, as happened in the run-up to the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, or Earth Summit) in Rio (see Chapter 4).

As the world's leading whaling nation, Japan has consistently sought to thwart efforts by other countries and by environmentalists to permanently end commercial whaling. Since the late 1980s, it has circumvented hunting bans by taking whales for 'scientific' purposes, which is permitted under the International Whaling Convention. Japan is also by far the main market for whale products from other countries, thus fuelling demand internationally and inciting others to hunt whales. Japanese companies have been known to purchase whale meat caught by pirate whaling ships, and NGOs have found the meat of endangered species on sale in Japan.

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