By Carsten Østerlund, Paul Carlile (auth.), Marleen Huysman, Etienne Wenger, Volker Wulf (eds.)

The ebook comprises 24 learn articles relating to the rising study box of groups and applied sciences (C&T). The papers deal with topics comparable to on-line groups, groups of perform, group aid platforms, electronic towns, local groups and the web, wisdom sharing and groups, civil groups, groups and schooling and social capital. due to a really quality-oriented assessment procedure, the paintings displays the simplest of present study and perform within the box of C&T.

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Extra resources for Communities and Technologies: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Communities and Technologies; C&T 2003

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The clustering is based upon behavioral data and reflects both the informal and formal communications between workers. The original interaction matrix contained valued email sending and receiving data for the 146 employees for a one month time period. This matrix was then dichotomized three times using three different criteria. The first criterion was simple dichotomization of the data to make all cell values greater than zero (GTO) equal to one, else the cell values equaled zero. The second criterion was to make all cell values greater than one (GT1) equal to one, else the cell values equaled zero.

As links within the communities are specific, and more tightly defined than with the environment, this notion proved especially relevant to understand to learning and knowledge creation. Indeed, communities understood as specific governance structures are deemed particularly relevant to coordinate collective knowledge creation efforts. Communities articulate tacit, fuzzy, ever-moving information flows and knowledge. However, there is no such thing as 'the' community with specific, clear and characteristic features.

This remark is important since it shows evidence of the possibility for one form of community to evolve into the other. Epistemic communities are structured around a goal to be reached and a procedural authority endowed by themselves (or with which they were endowed) to fulfill that goal. Notions of autonomy and identity are thus weaker than in the case of communities of practice (see below), thus favoring the group's creativity [Leonard-Barton, 1995]. Thus, the community increases its ability to seize future opportunities.

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