By James Neil Sneddon
This booklet goals to explain facets of the Indonesian language as spoken by way of informed Jakartans in daily interactions. This kind of language is in lots of methods considerably various from the formal language of presidency and schooling, to the level that it merits separate attention. whereas formal Indonesian has been the topic of a large amount of description little or no realization has been paid to the casual forms of the language. the diversity defined right here, Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian, is the status number of colloquial Indonesian and is changing into the normal casual kind. the outline and texts in following chapters are drawn from recordings of typical speech of informed humans dwelling in Jakarta.
While the ebook goals to notify people with a historical past in linguistics the desires of academics and newcomers with very little wisdom of linguistics is often borne in brain. The paintings hence doesn't give some thought to theoretical linguistic matters nor use technical phrases which might no longer be quite simply understood through so much readers.
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Additional resources for Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian (Pacific Linguistics, 581)
FI equivalents are given to the relevant verb in the following examples: 14 15 The functions of -nya in FI are described by Sneddon (1996) in various subsections. The most detailed account for colloquial Indonesian (as spoken in Central Java) is Englebretson (2003:Ch. 5). Englebretson (2003:169). The description of Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian (97) Gimana cara dapetinnya? (FI: mendapatkannya) how way find-in-it How can I find it? (98) .. instance you hear one sentence you not understand 35 ya elu tulisnya asal-asalan aja.
Groomed I like to look at girls whose hair is long and well-groomed. fact we ter-trick like people word-nya shop di Plaza Senayan. [accidental] in P L But we were cheated, like you hear about people who go shopping at Plaza Senayan. (41) Tapi kalo dia terpaksa, ya gua kasian gitu. [accidental] but if he ter-force dp I pity thus But if he’s forced I have sympathy for him. magic segala macem, itu lebih gampang masuk ke rumah. [(in)ability] [all sorts ] that more easy enter to house What’s more invisible things (things that can’t be seen) such as black magic and the like can more easily enter the house.
4) Kan dia udah married. dp she already She’s already married, you know. There is very limited, sometimes zero, use of saja in most recordings; it occurs more than three times only in one recording apart from the meetings. Somewhat surprising is the frequent use of aja in the meetings, being more frequent than saja in one. Likewise, udah occurs far more frequently than sudah in conversations and interviews. However, in meetings the frequency of udah drops dramatically, indicating its close connection with informal contexts.