By Gary H. Gossen

The oral culture of the Chamula humans in southern Mexico is wealthy and sundry in its humor, aspect, type, imagery, and perception. Descendants of the traditional Maya, the Chamulas use language in a fashion that expresses their precise realizing of the social and cosmic order to which they belong. The Sun/Christ deity presides over this universe. during this leading edge learn in anthropology and folklore, Gary Gossen bargains an excellent research of the cosmology, symbolism, and verbal habit of the Chamulas, dependent upon his systematic collections in their oral traditions in the framework in their personal people type scheme of language. no longer strangely, the underlying constitution of Chamula different types of time and house additionally presents an enormous key to knowing the fashion, constitution, and function in their folklore. Cosmology is therefore utilized in this ebook as a metalanguage for reporting and examining one other language, the reservoir of symbols and data in Chamula oral culture. Mr. Gossen's research runs the gamut from kid's improvised video games and songs via courtroom language and oratory to the fitting language for joking, gossip, sacred narrative, prayer and formality formulation. furthermore, his description and research are augmented via greater than a hundred and eighty abstracts of narrative texts and several other unique Chamula drawings. there's a strong probability that this publication may well grow to be considered as a vintage within the box of symbolic research of fantasy and oral culture. There are few, if any, released stories facing this kind of really good choice of texts and aiding ethnographic fabrics. -- Gary H. Gossen teaches anthropology on the college of California, Santa Cruz.

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Chamula boundary 35. Sacred waterhole for Chamula barrios of San Pedro and San Sebastian 36. Sacred water hole for Chamula barrio of San Juan 37. Nachih, a hamlet of Zinacantan located on the Pan American Highway 38. Nabenchauk, a hamlet of Zinacantan located on the Pan American Highway 39. Mispia, a sacred mountain used for Chamula rain-making ritual 40. Tzontevitz, a sacred mountain in Chamula and dwelling place of the patron saint San Juan, of earth gods, and of the Chamula soul animals 41. Ojovitz, a sacred mountain in Chamula and home of earth gods (18) Chamulas in the World of the Sun barter basis.

Equently an alternate to the east as the initial position in ritual circuits and positions of ritual personnel. Ritual circuits, therefore, carry a great deal more information than would appear at first glance. They proceed counterclockwise because that direction is the logical horizontal equivalent of the annual solar cycle and the daily solar cycle. Even though circumstances may not allow all individual circuits to begin in the actual east or southeast, the principles of the right hand and counterclockwise motion appear to serve as ritual surrogates for the eastern solar orientation and the solar cycle.

The most important of these is the Holy Cross ceremony in May, whose purpose is to encourage the earth gods to guarantee a dependable water supply and good crops. It is in this setting that patrilineages usually assert themselves as dominant or submissive. Generally the strength of a patrilineage depends on its land base. The Domestic Group The patrilocal domestic group is the smallest social group to which Chamulas belong. This unit consists of kinsmen who live together in a single house or house compound and share a single maize supply and a single ritual shrine (an outdoor altar located in the patio of one of the houses).

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