By Peter Dombrowski, Eugene Gholz
In Buying army Transformation, Peter Dombrowski and Eugene Gholz study the U.S. military's ongoing attempt to capitalize on info expertise. New rules approximately army doctrine derived from comparisons to web Age enterprise practices will be carried out provided that the army buys technologically cutting edge guns platforms. Buying army Transformation examines how political and armed forces leaders paintings with the protection to boost the small ships, unmanned aerial cars, complex communications apparatus, and systems-of-systems integration that might permit the recent army format.
Dombrowski and Gholz's research integrates the political courting among the security and Congress, the bureaucratic courting among the corporations and the army companies, and the technical functions of alternative kinds of companies. Many executive officers and analysts think that purely entrepreneurial start-up organizations or leaders in advertisement info expertise markets can produce the recent, network-oriented army apparatus. yet Dombrowski and Gholz locate that the prevailing protection may be top capable of lead military-technology improvement, even for gear modeled at the civilian net. The U.S. govt is already spending billions of greenbacks every year on its ''military transformation'' program-money which may be simply misdirected and wasted if policymakers spend it at the fallacious tasks or paintings with the inaccurate firms.
In addition to this functional implication, Buying army Transformation deals key classes for the idea of ''Revolutions in army Affairs.'' a sequence of army analysts have argued that significant social and financial alterations, just like the shift from the rural Age to the commercial Age, inherently strength similar adjustments within the army. Buying army Transformation undermines this technologically determinist declare: advertisement innovation doesn't at once make certain army innovation; as an alternative, political management and army agencies pick out the trajectory of protection funding. Militaries may still put money into new expertise based on strategic threats and army leaders' specialist judgments in regards to the apparatus had to increase army effectiveness. advertisement technological growth on its own doesn't generate an important for army transformation.
Clear, cogent, and interesting, Buying army Transformation is vital studying for reporters, legislators, policymakers, and scholars.
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Additional resources for Buying Military Transformation: Technological Innovation and the Defense Industry
The ﬁrst LCS, christened the USS Freedom, is being built by the team led by Lockheed Martin. 13 In this chapter, we explain the challenges and opportunities for military innovation in the shipbuilding sector by considering the performance metrics associated with NCW-inspired ships, the relationship between the Navy and shipbuilding ﬁrms, and the politics of naval procurement.
Almost hidden amidst the conceptual jargon, NCW gave the Navy key roles in ensuring access to contested regions of the globe and maintaining a global presence through sea basing. It also posed a tremendous challenge to the traditional way in which the Navy ﬁghts, trains, and equips its forces. By emphasizing the need for smaller, lighter, and faster “nodes,” NCW challenged the Navy to reverse a trend that had lasted through generations of ship designs that favored larger, massively complex, multipurpose ships.
18 When ﬁrms are spending the government’s money rather than their own, the proﬁt motive does not provide the traditional incentive to innovate. Nor would the proﬁt motive stimulate much military innovation through a second, smaller stream of defense technology investment, the “independent research and development” (IR&D) account. IR&D is a special payment from the government to contractors manufacturing the current generation of equipment with the explicit requirement that the money be spent to develop future technologies—analogous to a commercial ﬁrm’s use of a share of its current proﬁts to invest in the future of its business.