By T. Sakamoto

Why do politicians occasionally make unpopular or contested regulations that may harm their electoral clients? this is often the query Sakamoto attempts to reply to. Political scientists have lengthy claimed that political behaviour might be defined as actors' self-interested goal-seeking behaviour. yet Sakamoto demonstrates that politicians occasionally exhibit behaviour that is going past the slim confines of self-interest and that 'policy legitimacy' is the issue that could preempt or override the forces of self-interest and makes attainable the implementation of contested regulations by utilizing the case of Japan. This cutting edge research should be of curiosity to scholars of jap politics, legislative experiences and of rational selection idea.

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The principle forced the government to make concerted efforts at administrative reform and expenditure cuts in the next several years. 13 The MOF’s goal, in addition to deficit reduction, was to create a stable and flexible tax system by introducing a consumption tax and reducing government revenue’s dependence on direct taxes (income and corporate taxes), which would make it easier to secure financial sources for welfare spending needs expected to rise in the future (Yomiuri Shimbun, 26, 29 April, 20 August 1986; Kuribayashi; 1991, pp.

33 Because of the CGP’s and DSP’s perception that their parties could not have as large an impact on the public’s mind as the LDP and SDPJ, the smaller parties chose the strategy of distinguishing their positions from both the LDP’s and the SDPJ’s to make their existence stand out as much as possible and swinging back and forth between the two large parties’ positions to win political gains and wield a casting vote. This strategy was sensible in light of the fact that the consensus norm made it difficult for the ruling LDP to pass its bills unilaterally.

Policy Legitimacy: the Concept Policy legitimacy is a degree of support, acceptance, or tolerance accorded by relevant actors to a particular policy. When a policy is loss-imposing and the faces the opposition of political actors, policy legitimacy is required to overcome the forces of the actors’ self-interest and to gain approval for the policy. It is a continual variable ranging from active support through passive acceptance and compliance with explicit objection, to active opposition. The legitimacy of a policy is enhanced when actors perceive that it is supported by good and proper ideas and made by decision makers with a popular mandate, and the policy decision is reached in an appropriate way.

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