By Christian Schittich
Unconventional strategies for reusing latest constructions a subject matter that's changing into more and more renowned as a result of its reasonably-priced and ecological merits, let alone the architectural and cultural factors.
A disused energy station is switched over right into a cultural centre, an previous barn is made right into a residential apartment. throughout us we come upon constructions whose unique objective has rendered them out of date, and which now supply house for brand new makes use of. artistic rules provide upward thrust to inspiring initiatives which call for unconventional innovations and a delicate method of the prevailing structures. the development and construction standards confronting the architect are as diverse and person because the structures themselves.
This booklet examines quite a lot of learned examples, highlighting profitable and leading edge strategies, from the rehabilitation of preserved monuments, to the preservation or renewal of present constructions, from the reuse of a gothic monastery or the previous commercial structures of Fiat Lingotto to the maintenance of buildings made from precast concrete panels.
Read or Download Building in Existing Fabric: Refurbishment, Extension, New Design (In Detail) PDF
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Additional resources for Building in Existing Fabric: Refurbishment, Extension, New Design (In Detail)
The nave has been transformed into an auditorium with fixed seating, while the two aisles are used for exhibitions. The archives are located one floor below, half buried in the ground. From a distance, the ten-metrehigh walls enclosing the archives lend the church the appearance of a fortified structure. The closed concrete facade, which aroused a storm of protest in this traditionally minded city, has a warm golden coloration that matches the surrounding urban fabric. Visitors enter the complex through a tall, wide opening.
Other buildings, such as the Land War Pension Office by the brothers Luckhardt in Munich (1953 –1989) or Jörg Schlaich’s cable-guyed cooling tower (1974 –1991), have already been destroyed. Commercial interests prevail over heritage protection and the public mandate to preserve important cultural assets. 34 Conversely, some people believe that destroyed buildings can be brought back to life through so-called reconstructions, as if the destruction had never happened. Examples are the master residences by Gropius in Dessau, the Universitätskirche in Leipzig and, last but not least, the castles in Potsdam, Berlin or Braunschweig.
Following a national architectural ideas competition, a civic archive with seminar rooms was created on the site, while the church itself has been converted into a cultural centre. Historic remains that reveal early Christian, Jewish and Islamic influences in this former royal city have been carefully integrated into the new complex. The monastery was founded in 1220, later destroyed, and subsequently rebuilt in the middle of the 16th century. The church, which belonged to the Trinitarian order, dates from the 17th and 18th centuries and is a typical ecclesiastical structure of its time, an example of early Baroque Spanish architecture.