By Jürgen Valldorf, Wolfgang Gessner

Since 1995 the yearly overseas discussion board on complicated Microsystems for automobile functions (AMAA) has been held in Berlin. the development bargains a distinct chance for microsystems part builders, approach providers and motor vehicle brands to teach and to debate competing technological methods of microsystems established options in vehicles.

The publication accompanying the development has verified to be a good tool for the diffusion of recent techniques and expertise effects. the current quantity together with the papers of the AMAA 2005 supplies an summary at the cutting-edge and descriptions approaching and mid-term R&D views. The 2005 book displays – as some time past – the present nation of discussions inside of undefined. greater than the former guides, the AMAA 2005 "goes again" to the technological necessities and fundamental advancements for pleasurable the marketplace wishes. the big a part of contributions facing sensors in addition to "sensor applied sciences and information fusion" is exemplary for this tendency.

In this context a paradigm shift might be acknowledged. long ago the advance targeted predominantly at the detection and processing of unmarried parameters originating from unmarried sensors. at the present time, the problem more and more is composed in getting info of advanced occasions with a chain of variables from diverse sensors and in comparing this knowledge. clever built-in units utilizing the knowledge deriving from a few of the sensor resources could be in a position to describe and investigate a site visitors state of affairs or behaviour a lot speedier and extra trustworthy than a person could possibly do.

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We should note that Infineon also uses pressure sensors as side airbag sensors placed inside the door structure. Fig. 1. Markets for MEMS-based accelerometers 2003-2007 For airbag application, the specifications are the following: ±50g, auto-calibration and self-test, integration of multi-axis sensing for front shock detection Integration from 1 to 5 airbag sensors per car, for several axis of detection Price of 1 axis sensor: < 2$ Price of 3 axis sensor: 5 to 6$ Fig. 2. Accelerometers manufacturers’ 2003 market share (all applications) The market shares in 2003 for airbag sensors were the following: ADI with 27%, Freescale with 15%, Bosch with 35%, Delphi with 9% and Denso with 8%.

But, some players (such as Bosch, AD …) are using Deep RIE equipments in surface micromachining process in order to benefit from the high etching rate. Using these data, we calculated that, in 2004, more than 30 Deep RIE equipments should have produced about 100 millions accelerometers (that is 75% of the total production). By keeping a conservative scenario (in 2007, the use of Deep RIE will remain at 80% of the total production), we estimate that almost 50 Deep RIE equipments will be necessary in 2007.

E. sensors that have no direct physical counterpart. The International Market for Automotive Microsystems, Regional Characteristics and Challenges Tab. 3a. Automotive microsystem Applications - Drivetrain and Safety 35 36 Introduction Tab. 3b. Automotive microsystem Applications - Diagnosis, Comfort and HMI The International Market for Automotive Microsystems, Regional Characteristics and Challenges Figure 5 contains a schematic picture of how data and sensor fusion concepts may be applied to vehicles.

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