By Martin Posthumus

Novegradian is an artificially built language, an test in language improvement and evolution set opposed to another his- torical timeline. In engaged on it, I sought to create anything sensible, a language that can conceivably be noticeable as a modern day sibling to the opposite Slavic languages of japanese Europe. The contents of this grammar weren't easily created out of skinny air; it concerned loads of study into the opposite Slavic languages, their improvement, and the historic linguistic heritage of the wider Slavic language family members, in addition to the Uralic languages that have been usually spoken within the related territory because the actual previous Novgorodian and my very own smooth Novegradian. lots of the inherited vocabulary was once hand-derived from reconstructed universal Slavic, believed to be the ancestor of the entire modern day Slavic languages. loads of suggestion and energy used to be positioned into actually each notice of this language. it's been a proj- ect of 4 years on the time of writing, and that i desire that point is mirrored within the caliber of the product.

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Additional resources for A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике по граматикѣ новеградескаево лизика

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Longer words, however, may also have one or more secondarily stressed syllables. For the most part, secondary stress can be determined regularly by identifying the primary stress, and then applying secondary stress to every other syllable in each direction from the primary stress. Compound words may or may not have multiple primary stresses. For this to happen, both stems (not counting case endings or linking morphemes) must have at least two syllables each; otherwise one stem will dominate. If either stem consists of only a single syllable while the other has more, the stem containing a single syllable is certain to acquire primary stress.

Examples include: • наценати nacenáti ~ нашнати naśnáti “begin, start” • брати bráti ~ женти źénti “bring” (cf. Common Slavic *brati, *vъzęti) As can be seen above, the suffix -нати -náti, always third conjugation, also frequently forms perfectives. 1 The Regular Present/Future Tense The Present/Future tense endings may be attached to both perfective and imperfective verbs. On perfective stems, they always indicate future action, while on imperfective stems they can indicate both present and future tenses.

For the most part these consonants are consistent in their pronunciation. /n/, like other dental consonants, becomes palatalized [nʲ] before stressed front vowels. The palatal nasal /ɲ/ is pronounced [ɲ] in all dialects; the realization [nʲ] is not permitted by any standard, although it nevertheless may occasionally be heard. 5 Affricates Novegradian has two native affricates, /ts dz/, and one loan affricate, /tʃ/. All of these behave as though they were a single consonant; this can be emphasized by writing a tiebar above them in phonetic transcription, although for the sake of simplicity this will not be done here unless it is necessarily to contrast the affricates /t͡s d͡z/ from the sequences of discrete phonemes /ts dz/.

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