By Mark Harvey

This grammar presents an outline of Limilngan, a formerly undescribed and now extinct language of northern Australia. Australian languages in general express a excessive measure of structural similarity to each other. Limilngan exhibits a few of the universal Australian styles, yet in different parts it diverges considerably from them. It has a regular Australian phonological stock, bit its phonotactic styles are strange. a few heterorganic clusters akin to /kb/ are of markedly greater frequency than homorganic clusters equivalent to /nd/. Like a couple of Australian languages, Limilngan has many vowel-initial morphemes. besides the fact that, traditionally those end result from lenition and never from preliminary losing as somewhere else in Australia.


Like many northern languages, it has complicated platforms of either prefixation and suffixation to nominals and verbs. Prefixation offers information regarding nominal category (four classes), temper, and pronominal cross-reference (subject and objects). Suffixation offers information regarding case, annoying and element. Limilngan differs from such a lot Australian languages in huge quantity of its morphology is unproductive, displaying advanced and abnormal allomorphic variation.


Limilngan is like so much Australian languages in that it can be defined as a unfastened notice order language. despite the fact that, be aware order isn't really for free and strictly ordered phrasal compounding constructions are major (e.g. within the formation of denominal verbs).

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Additional resources for A grammar of Limilngan: A language of the Mary River region, Northern Territory, Australia

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In most other prefixing languages, it is the initial vowel of the prefix complex which bears stress in verbal words consisting of a disyllabic prefix complex and a monosyllabic verb. g. the paradigm of 'to get up' (Appendix D). Only a small proportion of the nominal lexicon takes root-level affixation. 4). Stress placement in word forms from these classes fol lows the principles already described for verbs. There is a stress on the first syllable of the root and thereafter each alternate syllable also bears a stress, subject to the proviso that final syllables do not bear a stress.

7) 24 Mark Harvey laI: [u] Elsewhere [al] An optional realisation when preceded by a palatal. The [al] realisation is most common i n stressed syllables and/or when there is a fol lowing alveolar. [ail a. Obligatory in syll ables closed by a palatal . b. An optional realisation if the following onset i s palatal. [a] Elsewhere Stressed vowels always show full realisations. In faster speech, the two high vowels tend to have tense realisations, when stressed. This is particularly so for /il when followed by a palatal, and for lui when followed by the labial or velar stops.

I] The available materials do not, therefore, allow for a definitive resolution of the representation of [Id] sequences. It seems likely that a wider range of materials would show a greater variation in [Id] vs [I] realisations. However, given that the appearance of [Id] sequences is not predictable in the available materials, it does not appear that they should be analysed as an allophone of Ill. The default analysis of a consonantal sequence is as a cluster. In this case, there is no reason to adopt any other analysis, and consequently words which have a high frequency of [Id] realisations, are analysed as involving lId!

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