By Stefan Dienst
Amazonia is linguistically hugely different quarter with a number of underdocumented, usually heavily endangered languages. This paintings is a reference grammar of an Amazonian language spoken within the rainforests of Brazil and Peru. The booklet offers a finished perception into the grammatical constitution of Kulina, with a purpose to be of significant worth to linguistic typologists and anyone drawn to indigenous languages of South the USA.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Kulina
Hinomadini hidobadi [hiˌnu̜madi'ni] [hiˌdo̜ba'di] ‘daughter-in-law’ ‘son-in-law’ The words hinomadini and hidobadi are not synchronically segmentable, though it is clear (from other kinship terms in Kulina and Deni) that hino and hido mean ‘grandchild’, madini ‘mother’ and badi ‘father’. Thus, hinomadini ‘daughter-in-law’ literally Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 7/26/15 9:57 PM /w/ and /o/ 29 means ‘the mother of one’s grandchildren’ and hidobadi ‘son-in-law’ is ‘the father of one’s grandchildren’.
W/ is mostly pronounced as a voiced bilabial approximant [β̞] before /e/ and /i/. In this position it can also be pronounced as a voiced labiodental fricative [v]. Before /a/ it is pronounced as a voiced labiovelar approximant without lip-rounding [w̜]. It does not occur before /o/. In phonetic transcriptions in the present work, /w/ is generally represented as [w], whether it is pronounced [β̞] or [w̜] (which is predictable from the environment). Brought to you by | New York University Bobst Library Technical Services Authenticated Download Date | 7/26/15 9:57 PM 25 Consonants Table 8 shows the consonant system in IPA spelling, using the most common variants of those which show (free) variation.
From 2006 to 2007, I did extensive fieldwork on Kanamari in Flecheira and some fieldwork on Western Jamamadi (Arawan) in the village Capana in the indigenous territory Igarapé Capana on the Purus. 9 Spelling The missionaries of the Summer Institute of Linguistics⁴ (SIL) working in Peru since 1954 devised an orthography for Kulina which is based on the orthography of Spanish. 4) to be a phoneme and spell it