By John Huehnergard

Within the 3rd variation of A Grammar of Akkadian, alterations were made within the part at the nom­i­n­al morpheme -ån (§20.2) and the sections at the which means of the D stem (§24.3) and the Gt stem (§33.1(b)); those revisions mirror fresh scholarship in Akkadian grammar

Other alterations contain minor revisions in wording within the presentation of the grammar in a number of different sections; a few new notes to a few of the readings; additions to the glosses of a small variety of phrases within the lesson vocabularies (and the word list and English Akkadian be aware list); and updates of the assets to be had for the examine of Akkadian, and of the bibliography.

A new appendix (F) has been further, giving Hebrew and different Semitic cognates of the Akkadian phrases within the lesson vocabularies.

The pagination of the 1st and moment versions has for the main half been retained, except the insertion of the hot appendix and some minor deviations in different places.

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B. c. Wil knows that pigs don’t fly. Wil believes that pigs can fly. 10 (6) a. b. c. I regret that I am not an astronaut. I want to be an astronaut. I pretend to be an astronaut. (semi-factive) (non-factive) (contra-factive) (implication) (non-implication) (contra-implication) Combining the three entity types with the three differentiations of presupposedness (that play a role at level 2 and 3 only) and two different time dependencies (only relevant at level 2), ten distinctions can be made. In table 2 these are set out with some examples of complement-taking predicates (ctp-s).

Here it says something about the logical entailment of the dependent state of affairs by the matrix predicate. This is called implication by Dik (1997b:114). PREPARING THE QUEST: TESTS AND METHODOLOGY 33 Three distinctions can be made. 9 With regard to the second layer, we can talk about implication if the matrix predicate implies that the complement state of affairs is actually realised. Secondly, if the speaker is not committed to either the truth or the falsity of the complement proposition, or if the matrix predicate carries no implication as to the realisation or non-realisation of the complement state of affairs, we talk about non-factivity and non-implication, respectively.

4 Null arguments All signed languages investigated till now seem to have the possibility not to express the arguments of a predicate overtly, if these arguments can be recovered from the context. Both subject and object arguments can be left unexpressed. If a verb shows agreement, this agreement allows for recovering the null arguments. Thus, in the second sentence of (16) the agreement clarifies that the person who gives the flowers is the signer, and the person who receives the flowers is Ingeborg.

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