By Aaron D. Rubin

With a written heritage of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. renowned family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an outline of this crucial language relatives, together with either old and glossy languages. After a quick creation to the background of the kin and its inner category, next chapters hide themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language kinfolk as an entire, in addition to a number of the extra outstanding advancements that occur within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluate and an outline of extra distinctive beneficial properties. The chapters comprise considerable examples from quite a few languages. the entire examples comprise morpheme via morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which help in making those examples transparent and obtainable even to these now not acquainted with a given language. Concluding the booklet is an in depth advisor to extra interpreting, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent incorporates a wealthy number of info, and covers themes no longer often present in brief sketches corresponding to this. The readability of presentation makes it worthy not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the overall linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit whatever approximately this significant language family members.

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Extra resources for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages

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Hasselbach (2005) is a treatment of Old Akkadian, and Hiimeen­ Anttila (2000) is a useful work devoted to Neo-Assyrian. A lengthy overview of both Akkadian and Eblaite can be found in Huehnergard and Woods (2004). Amharic, and is an outstanding reference. , Tigrinya, 1941; Tigre, 1 945b; Argobba, 1997; Zay, 1999). Detailed grammars of two Gurage languages have recently been published by Meyer (Zay, 2005; Wolane, 2006). For Tigrinya, the second most widely spoken modern Ethiopian language, there is no recent, comprehensive grammar, though Melles (2001) is a useful short treatment.

Abdel-Massih et al. 1 979) There are no first or third person imperatives in Semitic, though there is a jussive mood that fulfills the function of the impera­ tive for these persons. The jussive in Proto-Semitic seems to have been identical in shape to the perfective verbal form. ari), the active participle has come to indicate future tense, with the result that the inherited non-past form has become the basic present tense. 4 MOOD All Semitic languages possess an imperative form (34), though in nearly all of the languages, imperatives occur only in positive commands.

Blau, Joshua. 1 966--67. A Grammar of Christian Arabic Based Mainly on South-Palestinian Texts from the First Millennium. 3 vols. Leuven: Peeters. 1988. Studies in Middle Arabic and Its Judaeo-Arabi c Vari­ ety. Jerusalem: Magnes. ' 1999. The Emergence and Linguistic Background of Judaeo­ ArabIC. 3d edn. Jerusalem: Ben Zvi Institute. Brock, Sebastian P. 2001. The Hidden Pear� The Syrian Orthodox Church and Its Ancient Aramaic Heritage. 3 vols. K. Taylor. Rome: Trans World Films Italia. ' 2006. An Introduction to Syriac Studies.

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