By Stephen Colvin

A short historical past of historical Greek accessibly depicts the social background of this historic language from its Indo-European roots to the current day.
•Explains key relationships among the language and literature of the Classical interval (500 - three hundred BC)
•Provides a social historical past of the language which transliterates and interprets all Greek as acceptable, and is hence obtainable to readers who understand very little Greek
•Written within the framework of contemporary sociolinguistic conception, concerning the advance of historic Greek to its social and political context
•Reflects the most recent considering on matters comparable to Koiné Greek and the connection among literary and vernacular Greek

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10 See Cazelles 1953: 54; Michel 1960: 7–8; Gross 1976; Loprieno 1980: 152. 11 Gibson 1994: 73; Waltke and O’Connor 1990: 567. 12 Gibson 1994: 66; Meyer 1966–72: vol. III, 51. 13 See Tatu 2008, especially the bibliographical review on pp. 25–46. 14 See especially Niccacci 1997; 2001; 2006; Cook 2005; 2013; de Regt 2008; and the publications of the present author. 15 Thus, contra Sappan 1981, in agreement with Hurvitz 1966: 50–54; for the linguistic status of the poetic dialect in Akkadian cf. von Soden 1932–33 and, recently, Hess 2010.

81 Cf. Goldfajn 1998; Cohen 2008; Pollack 2009. 85 Generally, scholars have formulated three important hallmarks of the system of consecutive tenses in BH: (1) the firmly attested syntactic distributional opposition between clause-initial waw-consecutive forms and the corresponding non-initial waw-less forms; (2) the explicit opposition in temporal, aspectual, and modal semantics between two pairs of constructions (‫ויקטל‬/‫ קטל‬and ‫וקטל‬/‫( ;)יקטל‬3) certain semantic, pragmatic, or discourse-conditioned notions associated with the wawconsecutive constructions (‫ ויקטל‬and ‫ )וקטל‬in contrast to their waw-less counterparts (‫ קטל‬and ‫יקטל‬, respectively).

The approach of Beaugrande 1981a and 1981b). Schiffrin 1995: 20–23, for her part, makes a distinction between the structural and the functional paradigms of discourse analysis. See also Lowery 1995b: 213–14, who divides present discourse research into two branches: (1) Human Behavior Oriented; (2) Language Oriented. 12 Benveniste 1966a: 239. From here on I use the term ‘communication’ for interhuman communication by means of natural language; on the complexity of this notion cf. Rathert 2005. ; see the short review, including the situation in BH studies in Longacre 1995.

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